Monday, March 19, 2018

membuat modul modbus arduino port com rs485

material yang dibutuhkan:
  • arduino uno
  • shield rs485 
  • material kecil (led, resistor dll)

alat buat cek modbus :
1. usb to rs485


langkah-langkah:
1. run arduino IDE (1.6.4)
2. tancepin arduino dan shield rs485 (posisikan off dipswitchnya saat upload)
3. upload sketch dibawah ini:


#include <ModbusRtu.h>
#define ID   1
#define TXEN    2

Modbus slave(ID, 0, TXEN); // this is slave ID and RS-232 or USB-FTDI
boolean led;
int8_t state = 0;
unsigned long tempus;

// data array for modbus network sharing
uint16_t au16data[9];



/**
 *  Setup procedure
 */
void setup() {
  io_setup(); // I/O settings

  // start communication
  slave.begin( 19200 );
  tempus = millis() + 100;
  digitalWrite(13, HIGH );
}

/**
 *  Loop procedure
 */
void loop() {
  // poll messages
  // blink led pin on each valid message
  state = slave.poll( au16data, 9 );

  if (state > 4) {
    tempus = millis() + 50;
    digitalWrite(13, HIGH);
  }
  if (millis() > tempus) digitalWrite(13, LOW );

  // link the Arduino pins to the Modbus array
  io_poll();
}

/**
 * pin maping:

 * 3 - digital input
 * 4 - digital input
 * 5 - digital input
 * 6 - digital output
 * 7 - digital output
 * 8 - digital output
 * 9 - digital output
 * 10 - analog output
 * 11 - analog output
 * 14 - analog input
 * 15 - analog input
 *
 * pin 13 is reserved to show a successful query
 */
void io_setup() {
  // define i/o

  pinMode(3, INPUT);
  pinMode(4, INPUT);
  pinMode(5, INPUT);
  pinMode(6, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(7, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(8, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(9, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(10, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(11, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

  digitalWrite(6, LOW );
  digitalWrite(7, LOW );
  digitalWrite(8, LOW );
  digitalWrite(9, LOW );
  digitalWrite(13, HIGH ); // this is for the UNO led pin
  analogWrite(10, 0 );
  analogWrite(11, 0 );
}

/**
 *  Link between the Arduino pins and the Modbus array
 */
void io_poll() {
  // get digital inputs -> au16data[0]
  bitWrite( au16data[0], 1, digitalRead( 3 ));
  bitWrite( au16data[0], 2, digitalRead( 4 ));
  bitWrite( au16data[0], 3, digitalRead( 5 ));

  // set digital outputs -> au16data[1]
  digitalWrite( 6, bitRead( au16data[1], 0 ));
  digitalWrite( 7, bitRead( au16data[1], 1 ));
  digitalWrite( 8, bitRead( au16data[1], 2 ));
  digitalWrite( 9, bitRead( au16data[1], 3 ));

  // set analog outputs
  analogWrite( 10, au16data[2] );
  analogWrite( 11, au16data[3] );

  // read analog inputs
  au16data[4] = analogRead( 0 );
  au16data[5] = analogRead( 1 );

  // diagnose communication
  au16data[6] = slave.getInCnt();
  au16data[7] = slave.getOutCnt();
  au16data[8] = slave.getErrCnt();
}


 4. setelah upload, posisikan on dipswitchnya
5. pasang kabel data A dan data B pada usb to rs485 dan shield rs485
 6. Test menggunakan modscan (sesuaikan com port usb to rs485, parity, ID, baudrate)

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